Doyle's Dart Den

 
 

Phyllobates  terribilis

What Name Means: Phyllobates (phyllo G =Leaf Climber)  terribilis  (terri L = terror / bili L = bile; anger)
Common Name:  Golden Poison Dart Frog

Note:  This is the frog that is the Poison Dart Frog.  The Choco' Indians of Pacific river areas of Colombia use the secretion from the back of Phyllobates terribilis to coat their darts with poison.  This is done by rubbing the tip of the dart along the back of the frog.  When the frog is agitated it will secrete a poison from the pores of its back.  This toxin is non-protein-based (alkaloids) and one frog may have enough toxin to provide a lethal dose to10 adult humans.  This makes Phyllobates terribilis the most toxic animal in the world that has non-protein based toxin. 

Physical Description
Size range:  1.45  to 2  inches (37  to 50  mm)
Weight range:  ____g
Average size of female: 1.57 - 1.61 inches  (40 -41 mm)
Average weight of female:  ____g
Average size of male: 1.45 - 1.77 inches  (37 -45 mm)
Average weight of male:  _________
How to identify sexes:  ____________
Description:  Uniform yellow, yellowish-green, mint-green or orange
Other Morphs:  _____________
Call:  Long trilling

Biotype and Distribution
Distribution:  Western Colombia
Biotype:  Hilly, lowland rain forest at about 650 ft (200m)
Population density:  Low.  Myers only seldom found two animals near each other.
Day Temperature:  ____
Night Temperature :  ____
Relative humidity during dry season:  ______ %
Rainy season:  _________
Are frogs sitting in sunlight:_____________
When is their active time: _____________
What kinds of food in wild:  _____________

Vivarium
Recommended dimension:  L =____ in. (___cm) W= ___in(____cm) H= ____in(____cm)
Day Temperature:  82F (28C)
Night Temperature :  72 F (22C)
Terrarium landscaping:  ____________
Average age in terrarium:  ______years
Maximum age in terrarium:  _______years
Behavior - outgoing or reclusive:  Very outgoing.
Parts of Vivarium occupied:  ________
How often misted:  ____________

Breeding:
Eggs/clutch size: 15  - 30
Where are eggs placed:  _____________
Sensitive to light:  __________________
Development time for eggs: 14 - 21 days
Development time for tadpoles: ____________days
Percent of Eggs to develop into tadpoles: ____%
Percent of tadpoles that develop into froglets: _____%
Percent of froglets that reach maturity: ______%
Age of maturity: 18 - 20 months
Food for tadpoles:  Flake fish food
Tadpoles kept singly or in groups:  Tadpoles of one clutch may be kept together but if it a large clutch you may want to split up the group.
Note:  It was reported by Zimmermann that the froglets require their homes be spotless. It has been proposed that the housing must be cleaned once a week with hot water.
Are F1 offspring different from wild caught parents: ______________

Methods to induce breeding:_____________

General notes about specie:______________

Other sites with information or photos:
________________________________

________________________________

Sources of information:

If you have information you think might be of interest to others, please see the Species Data Form.

 
 
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